Situated in the middle of the Balkans, Kosovo* is moderately exposed and highly vulnerable to natural disasters. While historically Kosovo* has always been exposed to seismic risks, its vulnerability to climate related disasters has increased in the past 15 years with a dramatic increase in natural hazards related to the changing climate. According to Disaster Inventory Management System (DesInventar), the most frequent types of disasters in Kosovo* in the past 30 years are forest fires, floods and landslides. Most recently, Kosovo* experienced severe floods in 2013, 2014 and 2016, and their total cost is estimated to be over EUR 4 million.
January 2016, heavy rainfall, combined with the intensive melting of abundant snow, caused flash floods, and many municipalities in Kosovo* were affected. The municipalities of Malishevë/Mališevo and Gllogovc/Glogovac were most affected, to which UNDP responded and supported early recovery and coordination between central and local level stakeholders by mobilizing funding from the UNDP’s corporate emergency fund.