According to the reports of the International Pannel for Climate Change, the Republic of Serbia, as well as the entire Balkan Peninsula, is more vulnerable to climate change than the world average (and European average). Extreme weather events (heavy precipitation, extreme high temperatures and extended warm periods) more and more frequently lead to natural hazards and natural disasters (e.g. floods, landslides and droughts), causing substantial damages and losses to Serbia’s communities, their citizens and the overall economy.
In the period 2000–2012, overall economic losses of the Republic of Serbia from droughts alone amounted to 3.5 billion USD. In May 2014, the Republic of Serbia was affected by the most severe floods in the past 120 years. The disaster resulted in 51 casualties, of which 23 were due to drowning, and evacuation of approximately 32,000 people from their homes.
Overall, the floods affected about 1.6 million people, precisely 22% of the total population, living in 38 municipalities and cities, mostly located in central and western Serbia.